In ruby there are methods followed by a “!” symbol (exclamation mark). These methods alter the object itself.
a = [1,2,3, 4] => [1, 2, 3, 4]
a.object_id => 70279519801380
a.shuffle.object_id => 70279519867040
a.shuffle!.object_id => 70279519801380
- Shuffle version returns a new array with elements of self shuffled and as a.shuffle.object_id shows a different value from a.object_id.
- shuffle! modifies the object itself, shuffling elements in self in place and a.shuffle!.object_id shows the same object_id of a.object_id.